UN report: A large gulf between climate talk and action
Ahead of the annual climate negotiations, the UNEP published its annual Emission Gap Report, which shows how countries are faring with the implementation of policies to achieve climate goals.
More ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions
This year’s climate negotiations are significant because this is the first time since the Paris Agreement was signed in 2015 that all countries will submit more ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). This year’s report from UNEP notes that the new, updated NDCs, along with already announced plans, will make real positive contributions to the climate.
Nevertheless, the updated NDCs are not nearly enough to meet climate goals; This year’s calculations show that emissions in 2030 will only be 7.5% lower than similar calculations made last year, while they need to be 30% lower by 2030 in order to meet the 2°C goal, and 55% lower for the 1.5°C goal. In concrete figures:
Under current policy, global emissions in 2030 will be 55Gt of CO2, which is on par with current emissions, while the 1.5°C target requires that emissions in 2030 are brought down to 25Gt. UNEP also states that although all stated national ambitions (such as net-zero emissions by 2050) will be fully implemented by those countries who have agreed to them, the global temperature rise in 2100 could be 2.2°C.